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Tag: Types of Courts and Punishments Under Military Law

Types of Courts and Punishments Under Military Law
Military Law

Types of Courts and Punishments Under Military Law

The Uniform Code establishes three types of court-martials. The first type, called a summary court-martial, is for minor offenses. Only one officer judges the charges. A maximum punishment is one month's confinement and a small fine. The accused can request a special court-martial instead if they wish to be tried in a formal trial. In either case, the accused may refuse to take part in a summary court-martial trial. Court-martials In a court-martial under military law, a judge or panel deliberates the facts of the case. Most panel members are commissioned officers, though enlisted service members may request a spot on the panel. These panel members take an oath before the trial, and they may not be disciplined unless they are found guilty. The convening authority has the final say i...